Actors Map: The Actors Map is visualizing and describing the different players of a process or service and the relationships between them.
Advisory Board: The S2S-Advisory Board currently consists of a group of dedicated experts from Toyota, Siemens, Ca Technologies, International Association of Science Parks, European University Association and Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and will have a key advisory role in the strategic orientation of the project. They will provide their specific expertise on Open Innovation and Open Science experiences, consultation and strategic advice throughout the project, review and evaluate main outcomes produced by Science2Society (guidelines, recommendations), and act as multipliers of the project results within their network.
Closed Innovation: Only internal resources are used as the paradigm of closed innovation says that the best way to innovation is to have control over the process. All the intellectual property is developed internally and kept within the entire company frontiers until the new product is released on the market.
Collaborative Innovation: For a long time innovation generally has been considered as a confidential and internal activity. Nowadays companies have recognised that innovative ideas can emerge from anywhere and it can be even more fruitful to engage others in collaborative innovation to the benefit of all organisations involved. Collaborative Innovation means to share needs and knowledge between different companies to generate new ideas in order to create value for companies.
CSA: Coordination and Support Action is an actions that covers not the research itself, but the coordination and networking of projects, programmes and policies. It primarily consists of accompanying measures such as standardisation, dissemination, awareness raising and communication, networking, coordination or support services, policy dialogues and mutual learning exercises and studies, including design studies for new infrastructure and may also include complementary activities of networking and coordination between programmes in different countries.
Design thinking: Design thinking is a human-centered approach to innovation that draws from the designer’s toolkit to integrate the needs of people, the possibilities of technology, and the requirements for business success. (Tim Brown, president and CEO at IDEO)
ICT : ICT stands for "Information and Communication Technologies – or technologies” and refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning.
Innovation: Innovation is the process of turning an idea or invention into a good or service that creates value. This may mean creating a new service, system, or process, or enhancing existing ones. It includes all processes by which new ideas are generated and converted into useful products or services. In business, innovation often results when ideas are applied by the company in order to further satisfy the needs and expectations of the customers.
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights are someone’s rights relating to ideas, products, and work that they created and that can be protected e.g. by a copyright, patent, trademarks and trade secrets. The reasoning for intellectual property is to encourage innovation without the fear that a competitor will steal the idea and / or take the credit for it.
KER: In projects new frontier knowledge is developed but it gets more and more important to also make this knowledge available by translating the new findings into “Key Exploitable Results”. They can be products, processes or services solving current or future needs. If value wants to be captured, key exploitable results need to be properly communicated to the right target groups (e.g. users, SMEs, multinationals, investors, or stakeholders).
KPI: A Key Performance Indicator is a type of performance measurement and demonstrates for example how effectively a company is achieving key business objectives. It evaluates the success of an organization/company or of a particular activity in which it engages.
LIA: The S2S-Learning and Implementation Alliance is an online and offline community that continues to engage with each other in a lean-start-up approach of quick experiments followed by multi-stakeholder review of the experiment results and open sharing of the insights gained. The aim of the S2S- LIA is to encourage a movement for “the open, innovative university of the future”. a pronounced outward oriented innovation culture in Europe
Open Innovation: Open innovation is a term promoted by Henry Chesbrough, a professor and executive director at the Center for Open Innovation at the University of California, Berkeley, in his book Open Innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. “Open innovation is a paradigm that assumes that firms can and should use external ideas as well as internal ideas, and internal and external paths to market, as the firms look to advance their technology”.
Open Innovation culture: To exploit the full potential of innovation, a culture of Open Innovation has to be created. As the prevailing culture yet is not open enough for sharing innovation knowledge and other resources and collaborate across industries, disciplines and organisations a cultural shift is needed in society, moving towards a greater openness to innovation activities as such the sharing of knowledge, a greater willingness to engage in experiments with uncertain outcomes.
Open Science: Open Science (= Science 2.0, term which nowadays is less and less used) is a practice of science where others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available. Commonly it refers to efforts to make the output of publicly funded research more widely accessible in digital format to the scientific community, the business sector, or society more generally.
S2S-pilots: see UIS interface scheme
Quadruple Helix Model: While the concept of the Triple Helix is based of university-industry-government relationships, the Quadruple Helix Model broadens this concept including civil society. Government, industry, academia and civil participants work together to co-create the future and drive structural changes far beyond the scope of what any one organization or person could do alone
Touchpoint:: A contact point between an enterprise and its customers. Touchpoints may occur in any channel (e.g., via phone, the Web or direct contact with a salesperson), http://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/touchpoint/.
Touchpoint analysis: A touchpoint analysis filters and measures all the relevant contact points from the target customer’s view.
UIS interface scheme: Science2Society has selected 7 university-industry-society interface schemes (UIS interface schemes), also called “pilots”, that represent common and relevant types of university-industry-society interaction. These UIS interface schemes will be piloted during the project to understand, assess and enhance the key processes underlying these schemes and to develop guidelines on how to implement these processes and translate it to other schemes best.